One billion tonnes of CO2 avoided since 2005 in Europe: half due to energy-climate policies and half due to economic context

21 December 2013 - Climate Brief

By Olivier Gloaguen and Emilie Alberola

  • CO2 emissions generated by installations covered by the EU ETS decreased by 12.3 % since 2005, i.e a decline by 2.6% per year during Phase 2 of the EU ETS while the emission cap increased by 1% per year.
  • The EU ETS ended Phase 2 with a surplus of 1,742 million of allowances. All sectors recorded an overall net surplus, except for the power generation and co-generation sectors.
  • Based on a “business-as-usual” scenario, we estimate that around 1.1 GtCO2 were avoided between 2005 and 2011: around 30% of the reduction was the result of a fall in manufacturing output, while around 60% of the reduction was caused by the development of renewable energy and the improvement of the energy intensity.
One billion tonnes of CO2 avoided since 2005 in Europe: half due to energy-climate policies and half due to economic context Download
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