Six lessons on carbon accounting for Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

31 October 2016 - Climate Brief - By : Ian COCHRAN, Phd

A stringent, but flexible, MRV system is pivotal to mitigating the risk of future carbon crediting mechanisms compromising the ambition of the Paris Agreement. Namely, demonstrating additionality of projects and setting stringent emissions reduction baselines serve as the main tools to safeguard environmental integrity of the mechanism, especially given the insufficient ambition of current NDCs to reach long-term mitigation objectives.

The new MRV framework will have to strike a balance between removing barriers – i.e. high transaction costs associated with more stringent MRV – and increasing economic efficiency – i.e. the amount of emissions reduced per dollar invested.

Article 6 may greatly benefit from building upon the CDM and JI experience at all stages of the MRV process without the need to reinvent the wheel. At the same time, the new flexibility mechanism(s) must avoid the mistakes of the CDM and JI that led to compromised environmental integrity in some projects. This policy brief discusses these issues and draws six key lessons from the CDM and JI experience to inform upcoming discussions around the carbon accounting framework under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.


Six lessons on carbon accounting for Article 6 of the Paris Agreement Download
To learn more
  • 05/17/2024 Foreword of the week
    Carbon pricing revenues: their role in financing the climate transition

    Last month, the Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC, Simon Stiell, stressed how important this and next year are for the achievement of the Paris Agreement and called for “a quantum leap in climate finance” ahead of the Spring Meetings of the World Bank Group and International Monetary Fund. Indeed, with emissions required to peak before 2025, our window of opportunity is rapidly closing to keep 1.5°C within reach. More and better finance is urgently needed. Carbon pricing policies and their revenues are part of the tools available that can help fill the climate finance gap.

  • 05/15/2024
    Maximising benefits of carbon pricing through carbon revenue use: A review of international experiences

    Carbon pricing policies and their revenues are part of the tools available that can help fill the climate finance gap. With raising revenues from carbon taxes and emission trading systems (ETSs) that have tripled since the Paris Agreement, and an upward trend that could continue in the medium-term, ‘how to use carbon revenues’ has become a crucial question. This report, prepared as an activity of the EU-funded European Union Climate Dialogues (EUCDs) project, aims to inform policymakers and practitioners on lessons learned and ways forward on the use of carbon revenues, with a comprehensive approach based on a review of international experiences.

  • 02/08/2024
    Money, money, money: Financing plans for the climate transition

    France should publish mid-year its first multi-annual strategy for financing the ecological transition. This is a long way from the first 2015 climate strategy, which barely touched funding aspects. And it is good news. We at I4CE believe that such plans are essential tools to support the transition to low-emission, climate-resilient economies. Credible, multi-year public spending targets help to embark the private sector and the funders of public action (debt holders, international donors) in the transition, and redirect financial flows as demanded by the Paris Agreement. Comprehensive financing plans also avoid simplistic approaches based on case-by-case project appraisal on the basis of limited cost-benefit considerations, which can ultimately result in significant additional costs.

See all publications
Press contact Amélie FRITZ Head of Communication and press relations Email
Subscribe to our mailing list :
I register !
Subscribe to our newsletter
Once a week, receive all the information on climate economics
I register !