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The conference brought together more than 180 participants from government, industry, research and civil society. They discussed potentials and different approaches to financing the energy transition in France and Germany.

In the first part of the conference, there was an exchange on the objectives of the energy transition in both countries as well as a discussion on the challenges posed by the achievement of these objectives in the sectors of heat, transport, and energy. In a second time, exchanges focused on the specificities of financing the energy transition in the electricity sector. During the afternoon, the first discussion on current developments was followed by a presentation of the different financing models for the deployment of renewable energies.

The following questions were addressed during this conference, in a Franco-German context:

  • What instruments to respond to the trilemma of energy policy and what contribution will / can each sector make?
  • What regulatory challenges for financing arise in the context of the energy transition in France and Germany?
  • What financing models have proven successful and what are the reasons?
  • What financing for renewable energy in the future?

I4CE’s work in France was presented side-by-side with an update to similar work conducted in Germany on the building sector by IKEM, in a presentation titled “Actors, financial flows and trends in financing the energy transition in France and in Germany

I4CE agrees that as IKEM presented, there is a need for convergence of practice in tracking climate finance. While the specificity of each country’s climate targets and objectives must be taken into consideration, it is important to work towards comparability in tracking climate financial flows, sectorial results, and address the varying availability of climate investment finance data. I4CE has been working with the European Environmental Agency on this topic since 2016. Please find our joint policy brief here.

All presentations from the day can be found here.



Project Manager - Climate investment

Hadrien Hainaut is the current project manager of the Landscape of climate finance. He works on the collection and treatment of public data on energy and climate investments in France. His research provides the French public and private finance sector with an integrated approach to the tools and intermediaries of low-carbon capital formation. Prior to I4CE, Hadrien operated as a consultant on energy and climate policies at Futur Facteur 4 (Pierre Radanne) and I Care Environment. He developed and implemented innovative modelling tools to support the public debate on long-term energy policy planning in France. Hadrien holds a master degree in Environment, sustainable development and risk management from the Paris School of International Affairs (Sciences-Po).


Program Director - Financial Institutions

Ian Cochran is Program Director – Financial Institutions. He coordinates the public-interest think tank’s work on investment, climate and decision-making support. Ian has worked in the area of climate and environmental policy for close to a decade, focusing his expertise on the mainstreaming of climate-change related issues into decision making and institutional governance. He currently supports his team’s work on a broad range of investment-related issues, including the role of public financial institutions in the low-carbon transition; the environmental integrity of financial products; climate risk perception by financial actors; international and national climate-related financial flows; and the alignment of development finance and long-term climate change objectives.

Ian holds a PhD in economics from Université Paris-Dauphine (France), a Master of Public Affairs (MPA) from Sciences-Po Paris (France) and a BA in Policy Studies from the Syracuse University Maxwell School of Public Affairs (USA). Before joining I4CE, Ian worked at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. In 2015 served as a co-reporter on the French Presidential Commission on Innovative Climate Finance “Mission Canfin-Grandjean.” Ian lectures in master-level programs at Sciences-Po Paris and Université Paris-Dauphine.