This Climate Brief takes stock of the events leading up to COP22, the major outcomes of the conference itself, and defines the challenges ahead. It highlights that:
- With the early entry into force of the Paris Agreement, international negotiations are entering a less political and more technical cycle.
- A 2018 deadline has been defined, by which the rulebook (for transparency, enhanced ambition, financing, etc.) required for the implementation of the Paris Agreement should be agreed upon;
- The principle of universality and the pillars of cooperation established by the Paris Agreement have endured an uncertain international political environment and brought about significant progress;
- COP22 has carried forward the positive signal from the Paris Agreement on the importance of both State and non-state actors to engage in climate action;
- The level of ambition and the speed of the low-carbon transition remain the main concern. At the time of writing, national contributions will not lead to an emission trajectory that is consistent with the long-term objectives of the Paris Agreement – limiting the increase of temperature well below + 2°C by the end of the century.
COP22 thus extended, without finishing, the chapter opened in Paris in 2015.