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COP21 – a successful ‘end of the beginning

The Paris Agreement provides a clear signal and a solid framework for climate action. Balanced and ambitious in its objectives – including full decarbonization of the global economy before the end of the century – it has all the conditions to encourage everyone to do more.

In establishing a new international climate change regime, the Agreement focuses on the essentials: guiding countries towards low-carbon and climate resilient economies. The main challenge resides not in the direct implementation of the decisions taken in Paris, but rather in the alignment of countries’ national strategies with a decarbonization trajectory.

COP21 marks the advent of a new regime of international cooperation rather than a ‘utopian’ and politically unpalatable system to punish or coerce States to take action. It confirms the desire to engage both State and non-State actors on climate action. In this respect, it is a real victory of multilateralism.

Indeed, COP21 marks the “end of the beginning” of a long negotiations process to shift to a permanent regime, completed by regular appointments to boost ambition. This victory, however, will become historical only if this cooperation leads to enhanced action and concrete results. And this is where the hard work begins!

COP21 – a successful ‘end of the beginning Download
I4CE Contacts
Hadrien HAINAUT
Hadrien HAINAUT
Team Lead – Landscape of climate finance and energy scenarios Email
Vivian DEPOUES, PhD
Vivian DEPOUES, PhD
Senior Research Fellow – Adaptation and Local authorities Email
Benoît LEGUET
Benoît LEGUET
Managing Director Email
To learn more
  • 05/17/2024 Foreword of the week
    Carbon pricing revenues: their role in financing the climate transition

    Last month, the Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC, Simon Stiell, stressed how important this and next year are for the achievement of the Paris Agreement and called for “a quantum leap in climate finance” ahead of the Spring Meetings of the World Bank Group and International Monetary Fund. Indeed, with emissions required to peak before 2025, our window of opportunity is rapidly closing to keep 1.5°C within reach. More and better finance is urgently needed. Carbon pricing policies and their revenues are part of the tools available that can help fill the climate finance gap.

  • 05/15/2024
    Maximising benefits of carbon pricing through carbon revenue use: A review of international experiences

    Carbon pricing policies and their revenues are part of the tools available that can help fill the climate finance gap. With raising revenues from carbon taxes and emission trading systems (ETSs) that have tripled since the Paris Agreement, and an upward trend that could continue in the medium-term, ‘how to use carbon revenues’ has become a crucial question. This report, prepared as an activity of the EU-funded European Union Climate Dialogues (EUCDs) project, aims to inform policymakers and practitioners on lessons learned and ways forward on the use of carbon revenues, with a comprehensive approach based on a review of international experiences.

  • 05/06/2024
    Appendix tools – Social and Climate Budget Tagging: Insights from Indonesia

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Press contact Amélie FRITZ Head of Communication and press relations Email
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