Maxime LEDEZ
Contact Team

Maxime LEDEZ

Research fellow – Investment and Public finance

Maxime joined the I4CE team in 2018 to work on the update and development of the Climate Finance Overview.


This study makes it possible to identify climate investments made in France. The Panorama thus provides an overview of the actors and tools mobilized in the financing of the energy transition, but also to compare the investments made with the needs identified in the Bas-Carbone National Strategy and the Pluriannual Energy Programming.


Maxime holds a double degree Master in Management and German Master of Science from ESCP Europe and has written a thesis on the issue of the responsibility of French investment banks in climate change. Before joining I4CE, Maxime worked as a consultant at Lynx Conseil. It focused in particular on the influence of energy prices on the packaging market, or on returns on investment in the construction of single-family homes.


Last contributions
  • 16/01/2023 Climate Report

    Landscape of climate finance in France – 2022 edition

    2022, France is paying dearly for a dependence on fossil fuels maintained by a chronic lack of investment in the decarbonisation of the economy. This edition of the Landscape of climate finance in France makes a detailed analysis of these critical expenditures by households, companies and public authorities, in the retrofitting of buildings, the purchase of electric vehicles, and renewable energies, as well as in rail, cycling and urban public transport infrastructures. Encouragingly, climate investments have increased significantly in the past year, driven, among other factors, by favourable regulations and by state support under the recovery plan. But this growth remains fragile, and analysis of several transition scenarios shows that climate investments need to increase further in order to stay on track to carbon neutrality and to ensure a lasting reduction in France’s dependence on fossil fuels.
  • 15/12/2021 Climate Report

    Landscape of Climate Finance in France – 2021 edition

    A steep rise in investment in low-carbon vehicles and sustained climate investment in other sectors, a fall in the financing of fossil fuels, a climate funding deficit of over 13 billion that recovery measures are unlikely to offset...
  • 24/03/2021 Climate Report

    Landscape of climate finance – 2020 Edition

    The Landscape of Climate Finance is a comprehensive study of domestic investments which support climate mitigation in France. This study maps the financial flows supporting investments leading to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) across the French economy.
  • 07/01/2021 Climate Report

    Renovation – Landscape of climate finance in the Polish buildings sector

    As part of the EUKI-supported project “Landscape of climate finance: Mainstreaming climate finance in the CEE region”, I4CE supported the Polish think-tank Wise Europa in the elaboration of a Landscape of climate finance in the sector of energy retrofitting of existing buildings in Poland.
  • 10/04/2020 Climate Report

    Investing in climate can help France drive its economic recovery

    Confronted with a health crisis that has caused a global social and economic shock, the European Union and countries around the world are adopting major economic support programs. Following the initial focus that must be on overcoming the health emergency itself, actions that contribute to climate goals can be an effective part of improving both the economy and the resilience of our society. I4CE’s proposal calls for a public finance package of 7 billion euros per year that is estimated to trigger 19 billion euros of additional public and private investment. Altogether, this package would contribute to the economic recovery post-crisis, while simultaneously reinforcing our society against future shocks without reducing France’s contribution to international climate goals.
  • 01/10/2019 Climate Report

    Landscape of Climate Finance in France – 2019 Edition

    The 2019 Edition of I4CE’s Landscape of Climate Finance provides an overview of the investments made by governments, households and businesses in support of the French government’s climate-related objectives. The 2019 edition of the Landscape reveals that climate investments exceeded 45 billion euros in 2018 in France. These investments were made by households, public authorities […]
  • 26/11/2018 Climate Report

    2018 edition of I4CE’s Landscape of Climate Finance

    The 2018 edition of I4CE’s Landscape of Climate Finance provides an overview of climate investments made by governments, households and businesses in France.   In 2017 climate investments exceed €40 billion, equitably distributed between households, businesses and public authorities. Nevertheless, investment needs are estimated at between €50 billion and €70 billion per year; investment needs […]
  • 13/08/2018 Blog post

    Publication in International Economics of Landscape of Climate Finance methodology

    Since 2014, I4CE has tracked annually the investments made in France supporting climate action, whether by households, businesses or public authorities. The Landscape of Climate Finance is a powerful tool to fuel public debate, help decision makers assess the performance of their actions, and identify the efforts that remain to be undertaken.
  • 22/06/2018 Blog post

    I4CE’s French Landscape of Climate Finance supporting French-German comparison of financing the energy transition

    The conference brought together more than 180 participants from government, industry, research and civil society. They discussed potentials and different approaches to financing the energy transition in France and Germany.

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