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Include mandatory banking transition plans within Pillar 2

The transition plans aim to establish a progressive decarbonisation strategy by 2050, in line with the European Union’s objectives. The European Central Bank, through Frank Elderson, as well as several NGOs are calling for transition plans to be made mandatory for banks and to be integrated into prudential regulation. This note first looks at why […]


French Presidential election: cross-analysis of programs

In France, the investments for the climate that will have to be made between now and 2030 to meet the objective are considerable. And since this target will have to be increased to contribute to the new European objective, the need for investment will also increase. Today, the State and public authorities are actively involved in climate-friendly investments. What will happen in the future? Who will pay, who will go into debt: the State, local authorities, taxpayers, households, companies or future generations?

I4CE – Institute for Climate Economics, is a non-profit association with expertise in economics and finance. I4CE contributes to the fight against climate change by informing the public policy debate and supporting public and private decision-makers.

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